Did you know that approximately 15% of people with diabetes develop foot ulcers? Recognizing the diabetic foot ulcer early stage can save you from severe complications later on.

Join us as we look closer at the important symptoms to watch for and how to prevent these ulcers!

Understanding Diabetic Foot Ulcers

diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore or wound that occurs in people with diabetes. These ulcers usually form on the bottom of the foot.

Diabetic foot ulcers are common and serious complications of diabetes. They are often caused by high blood sugar levels over time. This can damage nerves and blood vessels, leading to poor circulation and a loss of feeling in the feet.

Diabetic neuropathy, or nerve damage, can make it hard to notice small injuries. Without pain, minor cuts or blisters can go unnoticed and untreated.

These small issues can turn into larger ulcers. Poor blood flow in the feet also makes it harder for these wounds to heal, increasing the risk of infection.

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Early Stage

Early symptoms of diabetic foot ulcers can be subtle, but they’re important to notice. Redness around a small wound or blister can be an early sign. This redness might spread or become more intense over time.

Swelling in the foot, ankle, or leg is another symptom to watch for. This swelling can make shoes feel tighter than usual.

An unusual odor from a wound or the foot can indicate an infection, even in the early stages. If a wound does not heal quickly, it could be a sign of a developing ulcer.

Diabetic neuropathy can make it hard to feel pain or discomfort, so relying on visual and physical checks is key. Check your feet daily for cuts, blisters, or changes in skin color.

Blisters, corns, or calluses that do not heal can also be warning signs. Any of these symptoms should be reported to a healthcare provider.

Early detection can prevent small issues from becoming serious problems. Regular foot exams and proper diabetic foot care can help catch these symptoms early and keep your feet healthy.

Importance of Early Detection

Detecting diabetic foot ulcers early can make a big difference in treatment and outcomes. When caught early, these ulcers are easier to treat and less likely to cause severe problems.

Early detection means fewer complications, such as infections or the need for surgery. It also means less pain and discomfort for the patient.

Regular foot exams by a healthcare provider are important. These exams help spot early signs of ulcers that might not be obvious. Patients should also check their feet daily at home.

Better foot health can be achieved by taking action early. Managing blood sugar levels is important for overall health and can prevent the development of foot ulcers.

Wearing proper footwear and keeping your feet clean and dry are simple steps that help. Education on diabetic foot care is essential for patients and caregivers. Knowing what to look for and how to care for your feet can prevent serious complications.

Preventive Measures for Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Preventing diabetic foot ulcers starts with daily foot care. Keeping your feet clean and dry is important.

Wash them with warm water and mild soap, then dry them well, especially between the toes. Moisturize your feet to keep the skin soft, but avoid the area between the toes.

Wearing proper footwear is another key step. Shoes should fit well and provide good support. Avoid tight shoes and high heels.

Look for shoes made of breathable materials. Socks should be clean and dry, and preferably made from materials that wick moisture away from the skin.

Regular foot inspections can catch small problems before they turn into ulcers. Use a mirror to see the bottom of your feet or ask for help if needed.

Treat any minor injuries promptly. If a wound does not heal quickly, seek medical attention.

Managing blood sugar levels is crucial for preventing foot ulcers. High blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels, leading to poor circulation and a higher risk of ulcers. Follow your doctor’s advice on diet, exercise, and medication to keep blood sugar under control.

Treatment Options for Early-Stage Foot Ulcers

Treating early-stage foot ulcers involves several steps to ensure proper healing. The first step is to keep the wound clean and protected. Gently wash the area with mild soap and water.

Dry it carefully, then cover it with a clean, sterile bandage. Change the bandage daily or as directed by a healthcare provider.

Antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent or treat infections. It’s important to follow the doctor’s instructions and complete the full course of medication.

Keeping pressure off the ulcer, known as offloading, is another key part of treatment. Special shoes, casts, or braces can help reduce pressure on the wound, allowing it to heal more effectively.

Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider are essential. They can monitor the ulcer’s progress and make adjustments to the treatment plan if needed. They may also refer you to a foot care specialist, such as a podiatrist, for more specialized care.

Comprehensive Clinics

Comprehensive clinics play an important role in managing diabetic foot health. These clinics offer a range of services that help patients maintain their overall well-being.

In the Austin DMA and Leander, TX areas, clinics provide specialized care for diabetic patients, focusing on foot health. Regular check-ups and professional foot care are part of these services.

Clinics offer education on proper foot care and early detection of diabetic foot ulcers. They teach patients how to inspect their feet, choose the right footwear, and manage their blood sugar levels.

This knowledge empowers patients to take control of their foot health and prevent complications. For Medicare and diabetic patients, comprehensive clinics ensure that care is accessible and thorough. 

Tips for Diabetes Foot Health

Recognizing and treating the diabetic foot ulcer early stage is key to preventing serious complications. Regular foot care, proper hygiene, and early detection can make a significant difference.

At Family Medicine Austin, we provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic, and disease management care. Our medical team offers compassionate and quality healthcare for patients throughout the Austin and Leander, Texas area.

Get in touch today to find out how we can help with your diabetes and foot health issues!

If you have diabetes, you may be at risk for a vision-threatening condition called diabetic retinopathy. Nearly one-third of individuals with diabetes over the age of 40 have this condition.

As one of the leading causes of adult blindness, diabetic retinopathy is a growing issue. However, the good news is that patients can regain a sense of control by taking their treatment into their own hands.

A diabetic retinopathy self-care routine can help you manage your symptoms and prevent this condition from progressing. It involves making a few lifestyle tweaks that will also benefit your overall health.

Want to learn more about diabetic retinopathy care strategies you can implement on your own? Read on for our expert tips.

Monitor Your Blood Pressure

Increased blood flow to the veins in your retinas can worsen diabetic retinopathy. That’s why doctors recommend that people with this condition manage their blood pressure.

Luckily, many of the same strategies for managing diabetes symptoms work for high blood pressure. Eating a healthy diet low in fat, getting daily physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight can help manage blood pressure.

Other beneficial tips include changing certain lifestyle habits, such as quitting smoking and reducing alcohol consumption. Getting plenty of sleep and lowering your stress levels are also strategies for controlling blood pressure.

Watch Your Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fatty substance made by the liver. It is essential for digesting certain nutrients and promoting cell health. However, too much cholesterol can block blood flow, which can be harmful to people with diabetic retinopathy.

Fat can build up in the small veins of the retina. These deposits may block blood flow to the eyes and increase the risk of losing your vision in the long term.

We primarily consume cholesterol through our diets. To manage your cholesterol and benefit diabetic retinopathy symptoms, watch your unhealthy fats (saturated and trans fats), which are found in processed foods.

You can also incorporate more cholesterol-lowering foods. Healthy fats (e.g., omega-3 fatty acids) found in olive oil and certain fish and high-fiber foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are excellent choices if you are watching your cholesterol.

Manage Your Blood Sugar

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by high amounts of sugar in the blood. Individuals with diabetes are at a higher risk since this condition reduces the body’s ability to remove sugar from the bloodstream.

One of the best strategies for managing diabetic retinopathy, then, is to adhere to your diabetes treatment plan. Check your blood sugar regularly, take your diabetes medication(s) as instructed, and follow all other guidelines your doctor recommends to keep your blood sugar in check.

Eating a healthy diet and getting plenty of exercise are two more ways to keep your blood sugar in check and better manage your diabetes and diabetic retinopathy symptoms.

Eat a Nutritious Diet

Eating a nutritious diet can combat diabetic retinopathy risk factors, such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar. Certain foods may even help prevent individuals with diabetes from developing diabetic retinopathy in the first place.

For example, fish and other foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as chia and flax seeds, walnuts, eggs, and yogurt, may offer protective effects against diabetic retinopathy.

Fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins that are good for eye health are also a smart choice. Reach for red, orange, yellow, and purple produce, which are rich in the nutrients lutein and zeaxanthin.

Some studies have found that people with diabetic retinopathy are deficient in certain vitamins and minerals. Incorporating more vitamins A, B, C, D, and E and zinc and copper may be beneficial for this reason.

Do Aerobic Exercises

Diabetic retinopathy is a progressive disorder, meaning it gets worse over time. Luckily, physical activity may help slow the progression of this condition. Getting at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day is sufficient.

How is that possible? Exercise and physical activity have anti-inflammatory benefits for the retina. Inflammation plays a major role in both the development and progression of this condition.

Additionally, exercise may reduce the severity of diabetic retinopathy symptoms. Symptoms of this condition include eye floaters, blurry vision, eye pain, and, eventually, vision loss.

Lower Your Stress Levels

We all know that stress is bad for us. It can be particularly harmful to people with certain chronic conditions, including diabetes mellitus. High stress levels can make it more difficult to manage diabetes, indirectly affecting diabetic retinopathy onset and progression.

Following many of the tips on this list can help you lower your stress levels. For example, consider partaking in stress-reducing physical activities like yoga and tai chi.

Leaning on your social bonds can also help you manage stress. Seek emotional support from your friends and family members. You can also join a support group to connect with other individuals with diabetic retinopathy.

Other ways to help manage your stress levels include doing deep breathing exercises, meditating, and practicing mindfulness. Even taking time for your favorite hobbies and passions is a great way to de-stress.

Quit Smoking

Smoking is a risk factor for diabetic retinopathy, especially in people with type 1 diabetes. That’s why doctors often recommend quitting or significantly reducing the use of cigarettes if you have this condition.

The relationship between smoking and diabetic retinopathy is not completely understood. However, experts do know that smoking can reduce oxygen circulation in retinal blood vessels.

As mentioned, smoking can also exacerbate high blood pressure and blood sugar levels, both of which are known risk factors for developing diabetic retinopathy.

This Is Your Diabetic Retinopathy Self-Care Guide

This guide to diabetic retinopathy self-care explains the top ways you can manage your symptoms at home. If you have diabetes and are at risk for diabetic retinopathy, you can also use these tips to lower your risk.

Do you need help managing diabetes or diabetic complications like diabetic retinopathy? Family Medicine Austin serves patients of all ages in Austin and Leander, TX. We offer comprehensive services for the diagnosis and management of an array of conditions, including diabetes.

Schedule an appointment today to get the expert advice you need to thrive.

Diabetic retinopathy is a serious eye condition that can lead to vision loss if not properly managed. It affects the blood vessels in the retina, causing them to swell, leak, or even close off completely. This condition is a common complication of diabetes and can significantly impact a person’s quality of life.

Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed? This is a crucial question for many dealing with this condition. Understanding whether reversal is possible and knowing how to manage the symptoms are vital for maintaining vision health.

In this article, we’ll explore if diabetic retinopathy can be reversed and provide strategies for managing the condition effectively. Our goal is to offer insights into treatment options and lifestyle changes that can help in managing diabetic retinopathy.

Read on to discover more about diabetic retinopathy, and the best ways to manage it to protect your vision.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye condition caused by diabetes. High blood sugar levels damage the small blood vessels in the retina, which is the part of the eye that senses light. This damage can lead to vision problems and, if not treated, can cause blindness.

This condition is linked to other diabetic issues like high blood pressure and high cholesterol. These problems also harm blood vessels all over the body, including the eyes. Keeping these conditions under control is key to preventing or slowing down retinopathy.

There are four stages of diabetic retinopathy. In the early stage, called mild nonproliferative retinopathy, tiny swellings form in the blood vessels of the retina. The next stage, moderate nonproliferative retinopathy, happens when some blood vessels get blocked.

Severe nonproliferative retinopathy is more serious, with many blood vessels blocked, reducing blood flow to parts of the retina. The final stage, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, is the most severe. In this stage, new blood vessels grow on the retina, which can bleed and lead to vision loss.

Knowing these stages helps in catching and treating the condition early.

Understanding the Causes

High blood sugar levels can seriously damage the eyes over time. This damage leads to diabetic retinopathy, a major concern for people with diabetes. Let’s explore how this happens and what other factors play a role.

Effects of High Blood Sugar

When blood sugar levels are high, it harms the tiny blood vessels in the retina. These vessels can swell, leak, or close off completely.

This damage reduces blood flow to the retina, leading to vision problems. Over time, new, weaker blood vessels may form, which can bleed and further damage vision.

Other Contributing Factors

High blood pressure and high cholesterol also contribute to diabetic retinopathy. Both conditions damage blood vessels, increasing the risk of eye problems.

Maintaining your diabetes is crucial to prevent retinopathy. Keeping blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels in check helps protect your eyes.

Regular check-ups and a healthy lifestyle are key to managing these factors and safeguarding your vision.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Diabetic retinopathy often starts without any symptoms. As it progresses, common symptoms include blurry vision, floaters, dark or empty areas in your vision, and difficulty seeing at night.

To diagnose diabetic retinopathy, you need regular eye exams. During these exams, an eye doctor will check for signs of damage in your retina. They may use tests like a dilated eye exam, where drops are used to widen your pupils, allowing a better view of the retina.

Early detection plays a crucial role in managing retinopathy. Catching it early means treatment can start sooner, helping to slow or stop the progression and protect your vision. Regular check-ups and being aware of any changes in your vision are key to early detection.

Current Treatment Options

Treating diabetic retinopathy involves several options, including laser therapy, injections, and surgery.

Laser therapy uses light to shrink abnormal blood vessels and stop them from leaking. Injections into the eye deliver medication that reduces swelling and slows the growth of new blood vessels. Surgery, such as vitrectomy, removes blood and scar tissue from the eye to improve vision.

These treatments aim to manage the symptoms and prevent further damage. They help control the condition but cannot completely cure it.

Lifestyle changes also play a vital role in diabetic care. Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and monitoring blood sugar levels can help manage diabetes and reduce the risk of retinopathy. Quitting smoking and maintaining healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels are also crucial.

Combining medical treatments with healthy habits can significantly improve outcomes for those with diabetic retinopathy.

Can Diabetic Retinopathy be Reversed?

Many people ask, “Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed?” It’s a complex question with no straightforward answer. Let’s delve into what current research and medical opinions say about the possibility of reversing this condition.

Medical Opinions and Research

Most experts agree that while diabetic retinopathy can be managed and its progression slowed, it cannot be fully reversed. Treatments like laser therapy, injections, and surgery can prevent further damage and improve vision to some extent. However, the damage already done to the retina is often permanent.

Current research focuses on early intervention. Studies show that managing blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels can significantly slow the progression of retinopathy. Early detection and treatment are crucial to preserving vision.

Importance of Early Intervention

Early intervention is key in managing diabetic retinopathy. Regular eye exams help catch the condition early, allowing for timely treatment. Managing your diabetes effectively through diet, regular exercise, and medication can prevent retinopathy from worsening.

Continuous care and monitoring are essential. Even if the condition cannot be reversed, these steps can help maintain your vision and prevent severe complications. Working closely with your healthcare provider to manage your diabetes and monitor your eye health is vital.

Diabetic Retinopathy Reversal 

We’ve discussed what diabetic retinopathy is, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed? While it can’t be fully reversed, early intervention and proper diabetic care are crucial.

Managing your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol can prevent further damage. Regular eye exams help in early detection and treatment, preserving your vision. For personalized care, including innovative pharmacogenetic assessments, consult Family Medicine Austin. Our unique approach ensures effective, tailored treatments.

Contact us at Family Medicine Austin to explore how we can help manage your diabetic retinopathy and overall health effectively.

Imagine your body playing a constant game of glucose management, where the stakes are high and the rules are intricate. That’s essentially what living with diabetes feels like. But what exactly is diabetes, and why does it turn the body’s sugar-handling system into a high-stakes game?

We can help. Let’s answer the question, what is diabetes?

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that changes how your body works with glucose, a sugar that’s an important source of energy.

Glucose comes from our food, and insulin, which comes from the pancreas, helps regulate the amount of glucose in your blood.

Type I Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is when your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and gets rid of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas called beta cells.

Without enough insulin in your body, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of entering your cells for energy, leading to high blood sugar levels, a condition known as hyperglycemia.

People with Type 1 diabetes require a person to use lifelong insulin therapy to manage their blood sugar levels. You might get insulin through regular injections or an insulin pump.

The particular cause of Type 1 diabetes is not fully understood. It is believed to result from a mixture of genetic predisposition and different environmental reasons, such as viral infections, that trigger an autoimmune response against the beta cells in the pancreas.

Type 1 diabetes often triggers during childhood or a person’s teenage years but it can occur at any age. It’s less common than Type 2 diabetes, accounting for less than ten percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.

Type II Diabetes

Unlike Type 1 diabetes, where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin due to autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells, Type 2 diabetes involves a combination of insulin resistance (cells not responding effectively to insulin) and inadequate insulin secretion by the pancreas.

There are lots of possible causes of Type 2 diabetes. They can include genetic predisposition, lifestyle factors (such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet), and metabolic factors. Insulin resistance plays a central role.

Untreated or poorly treated Type 2 diabetes can lead to major health complications over time.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes mellitus is a specific form of diabetes that develops when a person is pregnant. It’s when a person has higher blood sugar levels occurring when the body is unable to make up enough insulin to meet the higher demands of pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes typically comes up in the second or third trimester and usually clears up after childbirth. However, it requires proper medical management to prevent complications for both the mother and the baby.

Untreated or poorly managed gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications for the mother, including preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy), cesarean delivery, and a higher risk of ending up with Type 2 diabetes later.

Pregnant people are typically checked for gestational diabetes sometime in the second trimester of pregnancy. If the initial gestational diabetes screening indicates elevated blood sugar levels, more specialized testing is done to confirm the gestational diabetes diagnosis.

Diabetes Side Effects

Diabetes can lead to a range of side effects and complications, especially if it’s not well-managed. 

Diabetes raises the possibility of developing different cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. Regularly high blood sugar levels can damage your blood vessels and lead to atherosclerosis. That can impair blood flow to vital organs.

Diabetes can affect the digestive system. That leads to complications such as gastroparesis (delayed stomach emptying), which can cause symptoms like nausea, vomiting, bloating, and erratic blood sugar levels.

Uncontrolled diabetes can affect reproductive health. It can lead to uncomfortable issues such as erectile dysfunction, menstrual irregularities, infertility, and pregnancy complications. 

Diabetes can cause various eye problems. Examples include diabetic retinopathy (damage to the blood vessels in the retina), diabetic macular edema (swelling in the macula, affecting central vision), cataracts, and glaucoma. Left untreated, these dangerous eye conditions can lead to vision impairment or blindness.

Diabetes Treatment

Proper treatment will help you avoid more significant issues with your diabetes, like diabetic wounds.

A balanced diet including a variety of fruits, vegetables, healthy whole grains, diverse proteins, and good fats can help regulate blood sugar levels. Monitoring carbohydrate intake, portion sizes, and meal timing is crucial, especially for individuals with diabetes.

Physical activity is super helpful for managing diabetes. It can boost insulin sensitivity, lower blood sugar levels, and promote overall health. Try and get at least two hours of aerobic exercise each week. Incorporate strength training exercises, too.

There are ways you can treat different symptoms of diabetes. There are shoes out there that help with diabetic neuropathy, for example.

Tips for Living With Diabetes

Living with diabetes involves adopting a proactive approach to managing your health and well-being.

Take the time to learn about diabetes, including its causes, symptoms, treatment options, and potential complications. Attend diabetes education programs, read reliable sources of information, and ask questions to your healthcare team.

Check your feet daily and watch out for any signs of cuts, sores, blisters, or infections. Keep your feet clean, trimmed, and moisturized, wear comfortable and properly fitting shoes, and don’t walk barefoot. Get quick medical attention if you’re having any foot issues.

Build a strong support network of family, friends, healthcare providers, and diabetes support groups. Share your experiences, concerns, and successes with others who understand and can provide encouragement and practical advice.

Schedule regular check-ups with your diabetes healthcare provider to monitor your diabetes control, screen for complications, and adjust your treatment plan as needed. Stay up-to-date with vaccinations, eye exams, foot exams, kidney function tests, and other recommended screenings.

Take your prescribed medications, including insulin or oral medications, as directed by your healthcare provider.

Follow the recommended dosage and timing. Communicate any concerns or side effects you’re struggling with with your diabetes healthcare team.

What Is Diabetes? Now You Know

What is diabetes? It’s a complicated answer. Now that you know the different types and signs, you’ll be able to watch out for diabetes symptoms in yourself and your loved ones.

Are you looking into your healthcare options? Check out Family Medicine Austin. We help people over the age of 4 with all of their different healthcare needs. Our reviews from past patients show off our track record of success.

Contact us today.

Diabetes is one of the most common health conditions in the United States, and diabetes neuropathy is one of its most common complications. It is estimated that around 20-30% of people with type I or type II diabetes will develop it at some point. For around 15%, the condition is painful. 

Diabetes neuropathy is the medical term for nerve damage that results from diabetes. While it can happen anywhere in the body where nerves are present, it’s most common in the hand, feet, and limbs. It can’t currently be cured, but it can be managed and prevented from getting any worse.

Join us as we take a deep dive into what you can do to live your best life with diabetes neuropathy.

Blood Sugar Management

Good diabetes management and the control of diabetes neuropathy go hand in hand. According to the Mayo Clinic, high blood sugar levels are particularly damaging. You may feel nerve damage in your legs, hands, and feet, but further damage may be done internally to your digestive system and heart.

Keeping your blood sugar levels consistent can reduce the risk of further damage to your nerves, blood vessels, eyes, and other parts of your body. Some strategies to achieve consistent blood sugar include:

Healthy Nutrition

We all know that if you’re living with diabetes, you need to reduce your sugar intake. However, it’s also important to ensure your diet is rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. 

It’s good to limit your consumption of refined wheat flour products and replace this with whole grains. Currently, the consumption of refined grains is about 5 times that of whole grains in the United States. Some easy ways to include more whole grains include eating brown rice, using barley instead of noodles in chicken soup, and switching out oatmeal for whole grain alternatives.

Increase your consumption of whole fruits and vegetables. Skip juice and smoothies, and benefit from the vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes along with the fiber naturally present in whole fruits and veggies. It’s also good to limit your salt intake, as increased sodium can cause complications for neuropathy.

Get Active

Diabetes neuropathy has the potential to limit your mobility. So get ahead of this by increasing your activity levels, which can help to reduce pain and even support the health of your nerves. 

Consider incorporating some low-impact exercises into your daily routine. These could include gentle walking, cycling, or swimming. Getting the right footwear could make these as comfortable as possible. 

In some cases, physical therapy could also help you build muscle strength and regain some functions that your neuropathy may have limited.

Quit Smoking

Researchers believe that smoking causes oxidative stress in cells. This can make diabetes neuropathy worse, causing cell damage and death. Smoking also promotes insulin resistance, which compounds the problem.

The simple answer is to quit smoking, although it is appreciated that this is easier said than done. Your doctor can help you access smoking cessation services that can support you to achieve your goal.

Reduce Stress

Stress triggers a hormonal response in our bodies that can make diabetes neuropathy worse. The body releases cortisol and adrenaline when we are stressed, which causes inflammation. This can lead to cell and nerve damage. 

It is impossible to eliminate all stress from our lives, but stress management techniques can help if you are living with diabetes. These include:

Also, being isolated can increase our stress levels. Spending time with friends and family is a natural stress reliever.

Natural Pain Relief Techniques

Pain medications can be helpful in temporarily treating the discomfort associated with some forms of diabetes neuropathy. However, they can have side effects. Natural pain relief methods can bring many of the same benefits without the unwanted side effects.

Some natural options include:

Some of these natural supplements, such as alpha lipoid acid and chromium picolinate, are known to improve insulin sensitivity. This can support the body’s natural defenses against nerve damage.

Some people have found acupuncture helpful. It can help reduce stress and pain levels with very few side effects. Although we do not know exactly how it works, it may stimulate blood flow and release chemicals that support normal nerve function.

How Your Doctor Can Help

While you can do much to prevent the progression of diabetes neuropathy with lifestyle changes, your doctor plays a crucial role in helping you manage the condition. 

For example, your doctor may use the A1C test to determine the average of your blood sugar levels over the last three months. This can help them make lifestyle recommendations or adjust your medication. It may also help them decide when it is time to transition from medication alone to insulin treatment. 

Your doctor can also monitor the development of your neuropathy. They will carry out tests and look for the signs of other related conditions, such as diabetes cellulitis and diabetic infections. They can also effectively treat diabetic wounds and prevent them from developing into more serious conditions.

Your doctor can also help you get checked for signs of diabetic retinopathy. This condition can cause vision loss, but with good diabetes management, it may be possible to slow this down or prevent it altogether. Your doctor is best placed to monitor and help you manage this condition.

Choose Family Medicine Austin for Diabetes Neuropathy Care

Living with diabetes is much easier with the support of doctors who specialize in diabetes care. The dedicated team at Family Medicine Austin understands diabetic care and is ready to help you manage your condition through lifestyle and medication.

Our team has years of experience in helping patients with diabetes neuropathy manage their condition. Whether you have type I or type II diabetes, we are ready to help you slow the progression of diabetes-related conditions. 

Ready to find out what we can do for you? Click here to book an appointment with a diabetes specialist today!

Feeling the tingle in your feet? Diabetes can bring on a whole host of challenges, and foot pain from neuropathy is a real drag. But don’t give up on your active lifestyle.

Finding the best shoes for diabetics with neuropathy can make a world of difference. Imagine comfy, supportive shoes that cradle your feet and keep you feeling confident all day long.

This guide is here to help you navigate the world of diabetic footwear and find the perfect pair to get you back on your feet and feeling your best.

Comfort Is Key

When living with diabetes, especially if you’re dealing with type II diabetes, finding the right shoes is crucial. The best shoes for diabetics with neuropathy should feel like a soft hug on your feet.

Imagine slipping your foot into a shoe that gently supports every curve and arch without any pressure points. That’s the comfort you’re looking for.

This isn’t just about feeling good. It’s about avoiding complications that could add to your medical expenses down the line. Comfortable shoes help prevent blisters and sores, which are harder for your body to heal.

A good fit is the cornerstone of comfort and foot health.

Neuropathy can affect how you feel your feet, making it even more important to avoid shoes that pinch, rub, or cause blisters. Think about it – ill-fitting shoes can create pressure points that lead to pain, irritation, and even serious complications like ulcers.

How to Ensure Proper Fit

A snug but not tight fit is the sweet spot. Your toes should have a little wiggle room for natural movement, and the heel shouldn’t slip when you walk. This ensures proper support and stability, reducing the risk of falls and injuries.

Choosing shoes for neuropathy means paying attention to how they feel from the moment you try them on.

If you’re living with diabetes, you already know your feet might not send the usual signals of discomfort until it’s too late. So, opt for shoes that have a cushioned sole and enough room to move your toes freely.

Remember, what feels snug and cozy at first try is what you’re aiming for.

Support Matters

Good support is non-negotiable when selecting shoes for people living with prediabetes or diabetes. The right pair will help distribute your weight evenly, reducing the stress on any one part of your foot. This is particularly important for those with type II diabetes, as your feet might be more prone to changes in shape and sensitivity due to neuropathy.

Supportive shoes can mitigate these issues, keeping you comfortable and active without worrying about your feet.

Look for shoes designed with arch support and a firm heel. This combination works wonders in keeping your posture aligned and your gait steady, lessening the risk of foot injuries. Reducing the risk of injuries not only keeps you on your feet but also helps manage potential medical expenses associated with living with diabetes.

Seamless Design

When you’re on the hunt for the best shoes for diabetic neuropathy, don’t overlook the importance of seamless construction. This might sound a bit technical, but it’s actually quite simple and makes a huge difference in how your shoes feel.

Imagine wearing a shoe that doesn’t rub or irritate your skin because there are no rough seams to contend with. This is especially vital if you have type II diabetes, as your feet are more susceptible to sores and infections.

Seamless shoes offer a smooth interior that drastically reduces the risk of blisters and skin breakdowns. For those managing type II diabetes, this feature is invaluable. Your wounds may heal slower, making prevention the best approach.

Seamless construction ensures that even if you spend a long day on your feet, your shoes will work with you, not against you. This level of comfort can improve your daily life in a big way.

Room to Breathe

Breathability in shoes for neuropathy cannot be overlooked. When your feet stay dry and cool, you’re less likely to develop fungal infections or skin irritations. This is crucial for those living with diabetes, as your skin may be more vulnerable and healing might take longer.

Shoes made from natural materials like leather or breathable synthetic fabrics are your best bet. They allow air to circulate, keeping moisture at bay and your feet happy.

A breathable shoe also means a healthier environment for your feet. This reduces the chance of unwanted odors and keeps you comfortable throughout the day. This is particularly important if you’re on your feet a lot or live in a warmer climate.

Happy feet lead to a happier you. This helps to minimize disruptions to your daily life while keeping medical expenses for skin-related issues in check.

Easy Does It

For anyone dealing with diabetic cellulitis, shoes that are easy to put on and take off are a godsend. Shoes for neuropathy should not make you strain or bend excessively because this could lead to balance issues or falls.

Look for shoes with adjustable straps, slip-on designs, or zippers. These features can make a world of difference in your daily routine, providing independence and ease.

Ease of use also extends to maintenance. Shoes for diabetics should be easy to clean and maintain, allowing you to keep them in optimal condition without much hassle. This simplicity helps extend the life of your shoes, offering better value for money and preventing foot problems before they start.

Find the Best Shoes for Diabetics With Neuropathy

While these tips can help, consulting your doctor is essential for choosing the best shoes for diabetics with neuropathy. They can assess your specific needs and recommend the best options for managing your condition. After all, they’re your partner in keeping you healthy.

At Family Medicine Austin, we offer a wide range of professional services to cater to the healthcare needs of different individuals and families. From preventive services to diagnostic and disease management, our expert medical team do it all.

Feel free to get in touch with us to discuss how we can be your trusted healthcare partner.

Patients living with diabetes have different needs when it comes to a variety of medical treatments. According to the Diabetes Research Institute, approximately 11.3 percent of Americans have diabetes.

If you’re a diabetes patient, it’s important to know how to treat diabetic wounds properly to prevent infection.

Read on to learn more about the best way to treat wounds if you have diabetes to ensure a safe healing process.

Diabetes and Healing

Wounds in patients with diabetes are common, including issues like diabetic ulcers and sores. There are several reasons why the healing process is slower in people who have been diagnosed with diabetes.

Diabetics with high blood glucose or high blood sugar may have issues with their nervous, immune, and circulatory systems. This may make healing much slower and more difficult since the body relies on these systems to heal various wounds and other injuries.

Living with diabetes can also affect your circulation. If you have slower circulation, it takes longer for diabetic wounds to heal since the blood can’t reach the wound and fight infection as fast as it will in those without diabetes.

Peripheral vascular disease may also affect diabetics. This condition causes a reduction in blood flow to the arms and legs, often due to plaque building up inside the arteries and narrowing the blood vessels. When the blood can’t get from your heart to the rest of your body, it causes the veins to weaken.

Those with high blood glucose levels tend to have thicker blood. This makes it harder for your heart to push the blood from the tips of the fingers to the toes, causing healing to slow down significantly.

Issues with Diabetic Neuropathy

Some diabetics have a condition called neuropathy which affects the nerves. Neuropathy can cause you to lose feeling in certain parts of the body.

This condition is caused by having consistently higher-than-normal blood sugar levels. It most commonly affects the hands, legs, and feet. Approximately 60 percent of people with diabetes have some level of neuropathy.

If you have diabetic neuropathy, you might not know when you have a blister, cut, or other type of wound since you can’t feel it. Early-stage diabetic sores and blisters need immediate care since they can easily become infected or get worse over time without proper treatment.

Wound Warning Signs

If you are a diabetes patient, there are several important signs to look for that could indicate your wound is not healing the way it should. First, if inflammation like redness or swelling around the wound doesn’t improve after about one week, it could mean that you need attention from a healthcare professional.

Inflammation is a normal part of the beginning healing stages. However, if it gets worse instead of better over time, it could be a sign of an infection or another serious problem that needs more treatment.

It’s also important to look for possible signs of infection if you have diabetic wounds. If the wound feels tender, painful, or hot when you touch it, the wound could be infected. Other signs of infection include if the wound starts to ooze puss or liquid, you notice a dark or unusual color around the edge of the wound, or it emits a bad odor.

Diabetes patients should make note of the wound healing timeline. If it doesn’t heal within one month, it may be a chronic wound that requires more help from your doctor. 

Diabetic Wounds: Best Treatment Practices

While not all wounds and not all diabetics are the same, there are some common practices you should use when treating your wounds. These tips will help you follow the safest and most effective way to treat your wounds or injuries if you’re diabetic.

Treat Wounds Immediately

Minor wounds like cuts and scrapes should receive immediate attention. As soon as you notice you have a wound, wash your hands with soap and water. Next, rinse the wound using plain warm water.

Once your hands are clean and the wound is rinsed, apply gentle yet firm pressure to help stop the bleeding. Apply an antibiotic cream to the affected area, then cover it with a clean medical bandage or some gauze.

If you have neuropathy, make sure you monitor yourself often to check for wounds. Always check your feet and hands every day and the area between your toes. Some diabetics wear white socks to make it easier to spot any signs of bleeding near the feet. 

Avoid Stressing the Wound

Applying pressure to a new wound is important to stop bleeding, but you should not add extra weight or pressure to it after you treat it. Adding stress to wounds can slow down the healing process or cause the wound to reopen.

If you have wounds on your feet, consult your doctor about the best way to protect them while allowing you to stay mobile. You may need special shoes or custom foot padding to help protect the wound and keep you comfortable.

Keep it Clean and Covered

All wounds heal best when they are kept clean and protected. Remember to apply an antibiotic cream or ointment and bandage to new wounds right away.

Diabetic wounds that are infected should be examined by a medical professional. They will determine which type of treatment is best for your specific type of wound based on the severity of the infection.

Foam dressings can help absorb wounds that are leaking while also adding extra cushioning for protection. Alginate dressings are made from seaweed and work quite well on deep wounds. Hydrogel dressings are water-based and designed to keep wounds moist, which promotes the growth of new cells to speed up healing.

Proper Care is Key

If you have diabetes and deal with diabetic wounds, understanding why they occur and why they need special treatment is vital. Remember the tips we’ve added here to ensure that your wounds heal quickly and safely.

At Family Medicine Austin, we provide diagnostic-based healthcare and disease management, so contact us today to find out how we can help you.

Diabetes insipidus (DI) is an uncommon condition characterized by constant thirst and excessive clear, odorless urine production. Every day, the average person excretes between 1-2 quarts of urine. Diabetes insipidus patients may urinate between 3-20 quarts per day. The most prevalent forms of this illness are central diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, and diabetes insipidus caused by pregnancy.

This post is here to shed light on diabetes insipidus treatment. In this article, we intend to discuss important aspects of the disease process, including the causes, diagnosis, and types of diabetes insipidus. Moreover, the article also highlights diabetes insipidus natural treatment.

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment

Before moving toward diabetes insipidus treatment, let’s first explore the disease’s causes, symptoms, and diagnosis.

Pathophysiological Process of Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus is a metabolic condition characterized by a total or partial failure to concentrate urine, causing the body to produce excessively diluted urine. It may be caused by a deficiency of arginine vasopressin (AVP) or antidiuretic hormone (ADH). The hormone is produced by the brain and secreted by the posterior pituitary. Resistance to the hormonal action in the renal collecting ducts also results in DI.

Diabetes insipidus occurs when the hormone vasopressin does not function properly. AVP can significantly regulate the amount of fluid in the body. The portion of the brain responsible for producing this hormone is known as the hypothalamus. The AVP is stored in the pituitary gland until it is required. When the body’s water level becomes dangerously low, the pituitary gland begins to secrete AVP. It achieves its role of concentrating urine by decreasing the amount of water flushed out of the body by the kidneys. This increases the kidneys’ urine concentration.

Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition in which the body loses excessive water because the kidneys cannot produce sufficiently concentrated urine due to a lack of AVP production. AVP medication will be effective on the kidneys and forms an important part of diabetes insipidus treatment. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is the form of diabetes insipidus caused by this disease. People feel thirsty because their bodies are attempting to get them to drink more water to compensate for the additional water they are losing.

Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus

The below signs and symptoms are associated with central or partial diabetes insipidus:

Types of Diabetes Insipidus

Central Diabetes Insipidus 

It can be inherited or caused by damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland that produces or stores hormones. A head injury, surgery, or disease like a tumor can cause damage. An insufficient response to the hormone desmopressin is one of the hallmarks of partial diabetes insipidus.

Dipsogenic Diabetes Insipidus 

Also known as primary polydipsia, this type of DI is characterized by excessive urine production due to excessive fluid intake. It may result from injury to the hypothalamus, which regulates thirst, or mental health issues like schizophrenia.

Gestational Diabetes Insipidus

This type of DI only occurs during pregnancy. An enzyme produced by the placenta prevents or inhibits the breakdown of ADH in a pregnant woman.

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus 

It is caused by a kidney issue that prevents ADH from functioning properly. A kidney defect can be inherited, caused by a long-term problem with the kidneys, or caused by drugs such as antiviral medications.

diabetes doctors

Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus

If a patient presents with central or partial diabetes insipidus symptoms, which typically include increased thirst and urination, clinicians have many diagnostic methods at their disposal, including:

Blood Test: Diagnosing diabetes insipidus requires the results of a blood test that examines for salt and other minerals.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): The brain’s imaging can determine if the symptoms are caused by hypothalamic or pituitary gland dysfunction. These glands are involved in producing and storing antidiuretic hormone (ADH).

Stimulation Test: Fluids are administered intravenously that stimulate the body to produce more ADH. Then, blood tests are performed to determine if the symptoms are due to diabetes insipidus or primary polydipsia, which is excessive drinking.

Urinalysis: The urine test determines if there is excessive water in the urine. The test can also determine if excessive thirst and urination are caused by diabetes mellitus (dysregulation of blood sugar) or diabetes insipidus by measuring the quantity of glucose in the urine.

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment Options

The most common diabetes insipidus treatment is to drink enough fluids to compensate for dehydration caused by excessive urine production. Depending on the underlying cause, an endocrinologist may also be able to recommend various diabetes insipidus treatment options.

Since the body cannot produce enough ADH, the hormone Desmopressin can be given to treat central diabetic insipidus. This hormone can be administered via nasal spray, tablet, or injection, according to the patient’s preference.

Primary polydipsia, also known as dipsogenic diabetic insipidus, cannot be treated with medication. Practitioners may recommend chewing gum, consuming ice chips, or sucking on sugar-free candies as diabetes insipidus treatment to quench thirst and maintain a moist mouth. A little dose of desmopressin taken before bed can lessen the frequency of getting up at night due to the urge to pass urine.

Desmopressin is a safe medication that can be used to treat gestational diabetes insipidus during pregnancy. Usually, the symptoms disappear following the baby’s birth, but they can return in the next pregnancy.

Diabetes insipidus treatment to treat nephrogenic diabetes is based on altering your intake of calcium and potassium or replacing the medications causing it. Your physician may also recommend taking painkillers or thiazide-based water tablets.

Diabetes Insipidus Natural Treatment

If you have diabetes insipidus, you must take medication and consume lots of water daily to prevent dehydration.

Regular water intake forms a crucial part of diabetes insipidus natural treatment.

Another important consideration is reducing your sallt and protein intake. It helps in reducing urine production by your kidneys. It is also vital to consult with a health expert before making significant dietary changes.

See Also: Type 1 Diabetes and Life Expectancy


Even though diabetes insipidus is typically a disorder that lasts a person’s entire life, most people can live a very normal life as long as they monitor their condition and fluid intake. Electrolyte imbalance and dehydration are two of the most significant complications necessitating the prompt diabetes insipidus treatment.

In the worst situations, severe dehydration can induce confusion, nausea, fainting, seizures, and even death if it is not treated or detected promptly. People with diabetes insipidus should always consume lots of fluids to compensate for their excessive urine production. Those with diabetes insipidus who experience dizziness or confusion should not hesitate to visit the hospital immediately.

Family Medicine Austin has a team of diabetes specialists who provide comprehensive care. We equip our patients with the means to take charge of their health by acting as advisors and providing individualized treatment plans.

Schedule your appointment with Family Medicine Austin if you have any queries regarding diabetes insipidus treatment or if you suspect you have diabetes.

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Most people are in a state of shock when first given a diabetes diagnosis, regardless of whether it is type 1 diabetes or they are concerned with the life expectancy associated with any other diabetes type. However, having a diabetes diagnosis and being curious about its life expectancy doesn’t stop you from living a “normal” life. Many people who are diagnosed with diabetes go on to have a variety of experiences. The majority of patients receive excellent care from their doctor and the rest of the medical staff, but some claim they were only handed some pills and asked to continue their treatment. If this occurs to you, make sure your doctor makes time to talk to you about your illness or suggests another provider who can respond to your questions more effectively.

In the United States, 34.2 million individuals of all ages, or nearly 1 in 10, have diabetes. A little less than 3% of all individuals in the United States, or around 7.3 million people, are ignorant that they have diabetes. As people get older, more people are getting diabetes diagnoses. About 1 in 4 people (about 26% of those over 65) has diabetes.

What is meant by having diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition of metabolism in which your body produces more sugar or glucose than usual. The word “hyperglycemia” is used to indicate an abundance of glucose in your blood. Blood sugar levels that are too high can be extremely harmful, which could affect life expectancy associated with diabetes, endangering your organs severely and raising your chance of various health issues, including cardiovascular disease.

The hormone insulin controls blood sugar levels by regulating the body’s ability to convert glucose into energy.

diabetes doctors

Types of diabetes:

In type 1 diabetes, the immune response targets the cells that make insulin, preventing the body from using blood glucose for energy.

In type 2 diabetes, the system either produces insufficient insulin or the body’s cells become insensitive, and this is what is called insulin resistance.

How much longer life expectancy can be expected as a result of diabetes?

Diabetes was present in 37.3 million Americans in 2019, or 11.3% of the population. Type 1 diabetes affects approximately 1.9 million Americans, including around 244,000 children and teens. The life expectancy of people with type 1 diabetes has historically been reported to be shortened by more than 20 years.

However, advances in diabetes management over the past few decades suggest that those with type 1 diabetes now live noticeably longer.

Type 1 diabetes risk factors include

Why do most people with diabetes have a lower life expectancy than the rest of us?

Uncontrolled blood sugar levels over time can result in a number of short-and long-term consequences.

These consist of:

How you may increase your life expectancy associated with diabetes care and management

Why do those people with type 1 diabetes have shorter life expectancies?

Those with type 1 diabetes are more likely than those with type 2 to get it earlier in life. As a result, people often live longer with the illness and its associated problems. Recent studies have also demonstrated that diabetes complications are now better managed and the illness is now simpler to identify sooner thanks to technological developments and innovations in diabetes treatment.

Is type 2 diabetes less dangerous compared to type 1?

Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes frequently develops more slowly. As a result, type 2 diabetes (and other kinds of diabetes) may not be discovered in patients until years after they first exhibit symptoms. However, type 2 diabetes may only be discovered after other health issues start to show symptoms.

Medical appointments and follow-ups:

Each year, people with diabetes should have a number of significant health examinations. It is crucial that these examinations be performed once a year. Children under the age of 12 are an exception, as they often do not require testing for retinopathy (eye disease), nephropathy (kidney damage), or neuropathy (nerve damage).

See Also: Diabetes and Blurry Vision: Causes and Concerns

Bottom line:

Diabetes of type 1 is an immune system disorder with a hereditary component. Traditional therapies cannot reverse this form of diabetes. To survive, you need insulin all the time in your life to increase the life expectancy associated with diabetes of type 1. In general, you must see your physician at least every three to four months if you are receiving insulin injections for your condition. If you are taking medication or controlling your diabetes with food, you should see a doctor at least every four to six months. If your blood glucose is not under control or if diabetes problems are getting worse, you might need to see your doctor more frequently.

Family Medicine Austin

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At Family Medicine Austin, we provide preventive, diagnostic, and disease management care for families. Our expert providers offer personalized, patient-centered services to achieve your health goals. Come see us today for comprehensive care that caters to your needs.


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IMPORTANT! All information presented in this website is intended for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of rendering medical advice. Statements made on this website have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information contained herein is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
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