According to the physical examination and patient’s history, a medical professional may diagnose a flea bite on a human. Although laboratory tests cannot confirm whether fleas are the cause of an individual’s allergic reaction, these organisms can be identified by vacuuming debris and bedding materials.
In this article, we will discuss all about flea bites and how to treat flea bites on humans, including some natural remedies.
Where Do Fleas Live?
There are over 2,500 different species of fleas in the world, including 300 in the United States. Fleas are tiny, parasitic insects that live in the homes of mammals and birds. Adult fleas are approximately one-fourth of an inch long and are dark brown or black. Fleas live in warm, dry environments.
Fleas also reside in carpets, soft furnishings, and soil. The presence of fleas will result in a high chance of having flea bites on your pets.
Flea Bites and Pets
The first thing to do if you notice flea bites is to check for adult fleas on your pet’s hair. You may also notice fecal matter on your pet’s comb. This is the flea’s digested blood, which looks like black pepper. If you notice it, you should consult your veterinarian. In severe cases, the disease may even be fatal. While treating a flea infestation is the best way to ensure that your pets are safe and free from infection, preventing symptoms of infestation is the key.
If your pet has an itchy flea bite, apply a paste of baking soda to soothe the skin and reduce itching. You can also apply ice cubes or frozen vegetables to the area. Apply the paste to the affected area twice a day for three to four days.
Flea Bites On Humans
When you suspect a flea bite, check your skin for any signs of blood loss. If you’re unable to find the source of the infestation, the first thing to do is consult a doctor. In severe cases of flea bites on humans, flea bites can cause serious infections. You should also check for symptoms like fever, blisters, and pus-filled boils.
However, you should not panic. Just remember to keep the affected area clean and covered at all times. After flea bites, you should take anti-inflammatory medications or antibiotics to prevent further infections.
Flea Bites on Humans – Diseases
Fleas can transmit various diseases to humans. You should also consider hiring a pest control company to get rid of the infestation. They can carry diseases such as typhus, plague, and flea-borne fever. They carry dangerous diseases like typhus and bubonic plague. Some of the infections these fleas can transmit include tularemia and bubonic plague, which are transmitted by their saliva.
How to Distinguish Flea Bites on Humans?
Fleas are tiny red lesions on the body. They are often difficult to distinguish from other insects but can be identified by their wingless appearance and the specks on your clothing that they leave behind. Mosquitoes usually bite at dusk, but adult fleas can be found at any time of day. While ticks usually infest cats, they can also bite humans.
Flea bites on humans can be distinguished with a visit to a veterinarian; they will identify the type of insect that bit you. The doctor will check for any signs of infection as well.
Symptoms of Flea Bites in Humans
There are several different symptoms of flea bites in humans. Most of these are harmless, but for some people, the bites can cause significant reactions. Flea bites may cause itchy, red bumps, blisters, crusts, and even hives. Symptoms of flea bites can vary between individuals, but it is important to take action as soon as you notice any signs of it.
Fleas typically bite humans in the legs and ankles. A flea bite will produce a red bump on the skin that will begin to itch and become increasingly irritated. These bumps may swell or be filled with pus. It may remain infected for a week or more, and itching may be localized or widespread.
The main symptom of flea bites is itchy skin. You may notice a halo around the red bump; similar to a mosquito bite but not the same. Fleas can live for weeks or months on the surface of carpets and other soft furnishings.
The bites themselves usually do not swell, but if scratched, they can bleed. The bite site is usually one puncture point whereas the bites of other insects like mosquitoes and spiders produce two marks.
Hives and Welts
In addition to rashes, hives and welts can appear an hour after a flea bite. Hives are typically accompanied by itchiness and may even be painful. The itching and burning may increase with scratching. The hives appear in clusters of three or more. When the hives appear, it is important to avoid scratching or rubbing the area, as this can lead to an infection.
One symptom can lead to another. These symptoms can last for up to three weeks and require medical attention.
How to Treat Flea Bites On Humans
There are several natural and medical treatments for flea bites on humans. If the skin is infected with pus, antibiotics are necessary.
Natural Remedies for Flea Bites
- Aloe Vera Gel and Rubbing Alcohol
Several natural remedies for flea bites can help reduce redness, itching, and swelling. One natural remedy is aloe vera plant gel, which soothes the skin. Aloe vera contains salicylic acid, which helps relieve swelling and itching.
Another one is rubbing alcohol. Both products contain antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce itchiness and prevent infections. It is also possible to combine both of these remedies.
Mint is another great herb for flea bites. This herb has many uses, including aromatherapy and other treatments for skin inflictions. The Mentha Pepperminta essential oil in mint has antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. Mint juice is another natural remedy for flea bites. However, you should avoid the mint herb if you’re suffering from fever, vomiting, or other symptoms.
- Hot and Cold Compress
You can treat flea bites with a hot and cold compress. Applying either one directly to the skin or using a towel will help reduce inflammation and promote healing. This treatment is effective on most body areas except for the face..
- Chamomile Tea
You can also try natural treatments like chamomile tea. A chamomile tea remedy is made from dried chamomile flowers. This tea contains flavonoids and terpenes, which have antihistamine and antioxidant properties. Soak the affected area in the solution and apply it for about 10 minutes. However, it may not be as effective as some other remedies.
You can also try putting tea bags on the affected areas.
- Raw Apple Cider Vinegar
You can also use unfiltered raw apple cider vinegar to treat flea bites. Just make sure that you avoid getting it on any open wounds or cuts.
Medical Remedies for Flea Bites
Antihistamines are popular remedies for flea bites on humans. These medications help reduce the production of histamine, the chemical produced by the immune system that causes itching. Antihistamines are available in the form of a pill or as a cream.
Hydrocortisone is another popular medication that may be used to relieve itching and swelling. Hydrocortisone can be applied directly to the bite. Hydrocortisone cream and hydrocortisone shampoo are popular treatments for flea bites. These are effective and fast-acting in treating flea bites.
See Also: Shellfish Allergy symptoms
It’s not unusual for fleas to attack just one person in the household. The fleas can cause itchy welts on exposed skin for several weeks or even months. A severe allergic reaction may even lead to secondary infections. If a flea bite is not treated right away, the reaction can become persistent. In some cases, the fleas can transmit tapeworm parasites, so seek medical attention if the symptoms persist.
At Family Medicine Austin, we offer reliable and cost-effective preventive and diagnostic care and complete disease management to help you prevent risks to your and your family’s health. Our testing and treatment plans cover allergies, skin care, and insect bites.
For more information, please visit Allergy Specialist